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The home field advantage of modern plant breeding

The home field advantage of modern plant breeding

The home field advantage of modern plant breeding

Dec 26, 2019  Permutation-based comparison of observed home field advantage ( Fig 2) with that expected in the absence of a breeding strategy. Expected home field advantage was estimated by 999 permutations, where yield was reassigned to varieties within each site-year. Horizontal lines denote the 50th percentile (black), 50%, and 90% intervals (gray).

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The home field advantage of modern plant breeding.

Dec 26, 2019  The home field advantage of modern plant breeding. ... Home field advantage accounted for 19% of GxE and provided a yield increase of 1.01 ± 0.04 Mg ∙ ha-1 (7.6% relative to mean yield), yet was both smaller than predicted by a null model and unchanged across time. This counterfactual suggests that commercial breeding programs have missed an ...

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The home field advantage of modern plant breeding

RESEARCH ARTICLE The home field advantage of modern plant breeding Patrick M. Ewing1, Bryan C. Runck2, Thomas Y. J. Kono ID 3, Michael B. Kantar ID 4* 1 Department of Crop, Soil, and Microbial Sciences, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, United States of America, 2 GEMS Agroinformatics Initiative, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, United ...

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The home field advantage of modern plant breeding ...

Varieties displayed a large "home field advantage" when growing in the location of best performance relative to other varieties. Home field advantage accounted for 19% of GxE and provided a yield increase of 1.01 ± 0.04 Mg ha-1 (7.6% relative to mean yield), yet was both smaller than predicted by a null model and unchanged across time.

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The home field advantage of modern plant breeding

Authors: Patrick M. Ewing aff001; Bryan C. Runck aff002; Thomas Y. J. Kono aff003; Michael B. Kantar aff004 Authors place of work: Department of Crop, Soil, and ...

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The benefits of plant breeding ETH Zurich

Sep 12, 2016  The right path to more sustainability. Select and refine the best: plant breeding is a guarantor of life and the key to greater sustainability in the field. (Image: iStock / xefstock) So let’s not fool ourselves: almost nothing we eat today, whether organic or

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Future Crops - Home - PLOS Collections

May 13, 2019  PLOS ONE The home field advantage of modern plant breeding. December 26, 2019 Patrick M. Ewing, Bryan C. Runck, Thomas Y. J. Kono, Michael B. Kantar. Image credit. jpp05, CC0. PLOS ONE Lowbush blueberry fruit yield and

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The home field advantage of modern plant breeding Forum ...

The home field advantage of modern plant breeding. warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone ...

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Patrick M. Ewing Semantic Scholar

Mar 01, 2014  The home field advantage of modern plant breeding. Patrick M. Ewing, Bryan C. Runck, Thomas J Y Kono, Michael B. Kantar; Biology, Medicine; PloS one; 26 December 2019; Since the mid-20th century, crop breeding has driven unprecedented yield gains. Breeders generally select for broadly- and reliably-performing varieties that display little ...

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Advantages and disadvantages ~ Breeding Plant Genetics

Nov 02, 2013  Advantages. _ It is a rapid breeding method. _ The method is inexpensive to conduct. The base population can be a landrace. The population size selected is variable and can be small or large, depending on the objective. _ The cultivar developed by this method has great “eye appeal”.

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‪Bryan C. Runck‬ - ‪Google Scholar‬

The home field advantage of modern plant breeding. PM Ewing, BC Runck, TYJ Kono, MB Kantar. PloS one 14 (12), e0227079, 2019. 4: 2019: Development of Continuous Living Cover Breeding Programmes to Enhance Agriculture's Contribution to Ecosystem Services.

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Evolutionary insights into plant breeding - ScienceDirect

Apr 01, 2020  Many additional topics within population genetics have relevance for applied crop breeding. These include the role of crop wild relatives in hybridization and crop evolution (Box 2, reviewed in Refs.[1,18]), the propensity for local adaptation (e.g. the ‘home field advantage’ observed in maize []), and opportunities to detect and leverage polygenic selection (reviewed in Refs.

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Plant breeding - Wikipedia

Plant breeding is the science of changing the traits of plants in order to produce desired characteristics. It has been used to improve the quality of nutrition in products for humans and animals. The goals of plant breeding are to produce crop varieties that boast unique and superior traits for a variety of agricultural applications.

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Traditional plant breeding vs. genetic engineering – a ...

Oct 26, 2012  Traditional plant breeding: One of my jobs in the late 1960s was to take a small piece of 200 grit sandpaper folded into a small pointed trough and collect the pollen (male flower part) from certain alfalfa plants. I then transferred this pollen to the pistil (female flower part) of another alfalfa plant.

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Mutagenesis as a Tool in Plant Genetics, Functional ...

Jan 22, 2012  Plant mutagenesis is rapidly coming of age in the aftermath of recent developments in high-resolution molecular and biochemical techniques. By combining the high variation of mutagenised populations with novel screening methods, traits that are almost impossible to identify by conventional breeding are now being developed and characterised at the molecular level.

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Publications - KANTAR'S Lab - Home

Ecogeography and utility to plant breeding of the crop wild relatives of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Frontiers in plant science, 6. 11. Gregg Johnson, Michael B. Kantar, Kevin Betts, and Donald Wyse. 2015. Field Pennycress Production and Weed Control in a Double Crop System with Soybean in Minnesota. Agronomy Journal. 107:532-540. 10.

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Brainfood: Bean diversity treble, Edited tomatoes ...

Jan 20, 2020  The home field advantage of modern plant breeding. Public breeding programs should go for specialist varieties that perform reliably in narrow environments. Thinking Outside of the Cereal Box: Breeding Underutilized (Pseudo)Cereals for Improved Human Nutrition. The next quinoa awaits its 15 minutes.

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Home Field Advantage: Seeds Thrive Best When Bred for ...

I would argue that one woman’s “improvement” is another woman’s culture lost when it comes to time-honored foodways. Contemporary plant and animal breeding has lost sight of the old technologies that used open-pollinated seed exchanges and local knowledge that build plant biodiversity, human community and food security.

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Molecular Techniques in Crop Improvement, Plant Breeding ...

Plant breeding aims at the genetic enhancement of crops through the application of principles of Mendelian Genetics and modern tools and techniques of cell and molecular biology. Many breeding programs also include induced mutations with either or both physical and chemical mutagens and focus on the improvement of traits such as high yield ...

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Methods and Mechanisms for Genetic Manipulation of Plants ...

The advantage of cell selection over conventional breeding is the ability to inexpensively screen large numbers of cells in a petri dish in a short time instead of breeding a similar number of plants in an expensive, large field trial conducted over an entire growing season.

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Future Crops - Home - PLOS Collections

May 13, 2019  PLOS ONE The home field advantage of modern plant breeding. December 26, 2019 Patrick M. Ewing, Bryan C. Runck, Thomas Y. J. Kono, Michael B. Kantar. Image credit. jpp05, CC0. PLOS ONE Lowbush blueberry fruit yield and

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The importance of plant breeding Bayer Crop Science

00:00. Plant breeding, in its simplest definition, is crossing two plants to produce offspring that, ideally, share the best characteristics of the two parent plants. Throughout the history of civilization, plant breeding has helped farmers solve complex challenges while also appeasing the

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Brainfood: Bean diversity treble, Edited tomatoes ...

Jan 20, 2020  The home field advantage of modern plant breeding. Public breeding programs should go for specialist varieties that perform reliably in narrow environments. Thinking Outside of the Cereal Box: Breeding Underutilized (Pseudo)Cereals for Improved Human Nutrition. The next quinoa awaits its 15 minutes.

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Plant Breeding - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

P.D.S. Caligari, J. Brown, in Encyclopedia of Applied Plant Sciences (Second Edition), 2017 Abstract. Plant breeding is an activity that has been carried out since humans first started undertaking settled farming, but its scientific basis was only firmly established with the rediscovery of Mendel's work on genetics at the end of the nineteenth century. . The impetus and sophistication of plant ...

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Michael KANTAR Professor (Assistant) PhD University ...

The home field advantage of modern plant breeding. Article. Full-text available. Dec 2019; Patrick M. Ewing. Bryan Christopher Runck. Thomas Y. J. Kono. Michael B Kantar.

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Patrick EWING PhD University of Minnesota Twin Cities ...

The home field advantage of modern plant breeding. Article. ... Michael B Kantar. Since the mid-20th century, crop breeding has driven unprecedented yield gains. ... where it is thought that the ...

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Traditional plant breeding vs. genetic engineering – a ...

Oct 26, 2012  Traditional plant breeding: One of my jobs in the late 1960s was to take a small piece of 200 grit sandpaper folded into a small pointed trough and collect the pollen (male flower part) from certain alfalfa plants. I then transferred this pollen to the pistil (female flower part) of another alfalfa plant.

get price

13 Advantages and Disadvantages of Genetic Engineering ...

Jun 12, 2017  Here are the advantages and disadvantages of genetic engineering to consider. ... but they still practiced genetic engineering through selective breeding and cross-species or cross-breeding. People would identify specific traits, seek out other plants or animals that had similar traits, and then breed them together to create a specific result ...

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Newsticker - Home :: Pflanzenforschung

Jan 17, 2020  The home field advantage of modern plant breeding. Analysen zum "Heimvorteil" der modernen Pflanzenzüchtung. Quelle: Forum Grüne Vernunft. zur Webseite . 15.01.2020 11:00 Uhr. Für eine kreislauforientierte Wirtschaft.

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Publications - KANTAR'S Lab - Home

Ecogeography and utility to plant breeding of the crop wild relatives of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Frontiers in plant science, 6. 11. Gregg Johnson, Michael B. Kantar, Kevin Betts, and Donald Wyse. 2015. Field Pennycress Production and Weed Control in a Double Crop System with Soybean in Minnesota. Agronomy Journal. 107:532-540. 10.

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21 Advantages and Disadvantages of Genetic Engineering ...

Feb 21, 2018  The modern practice of genetic engineering goes beyond cross-breeding different species to create a new outcome. Scientists take the DNA from an unrelated plant or animal and insert it into the DNA of another organism. This process makes it possible to create stronger plants, healthier animals, and reduce the effects of disease.

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Large-scale replicated field study of maize rhizosphere ...

Jun 25, 2018  The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Scientific and Technical Information

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BATS: Methods of Plant Breeding

2 Methods of Plant Breeding 2.1 Conventional Methods. Plant breeding is defined as identifying and selecting desirable traits in plants and combining these into one individual plant. Since 1900, Mendel's laws of genetics provided the scientific basis for plant breeding.

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Genomic selection in plant breeding: from theory to ...

Feb 15, 2010  The home field advantage of modern plant breeding. Ewing PM, Runck BC, Kono TYJ, Kantar MB. PLoS One, 14(12):e0227079, 26 Dec 2019 Cited by: 0 articles PMID: 31877180 PMCID: PMC6932805. Free to read use

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